Setting up of NIOS
- Started as a project on "Open Schooling" under the Central
Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in 1979.
- Established in 1989 as the National Open School (NOS) by the
Govt. of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). In
1990, the Govt. of India through a Gazette notification vested NOS
with the authority to examine and certify learners registered with
it up to Pre-Degree level Courses.
- Re-christened as the National Institute of Open Schooling
(NIOS) in July 2002.
Allahabad, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad,
Jaipur, Kolkata, Kochi, Patna, Pune, Dehradun, Bhubaneswar,
Bengaluru, Gandhinagar, Raipur, Chennai, Ranchi, Dhramshala,
Vishakapatnam, Sikkim (Gangtok), Amethi (Sub Regional Centre as
Number of Study Centres
- Academic (AIs) : 3530 including 26 AI in U.A.E, Nepal,
Kuwait, Qatar,Muscat and Kingdom of Bahrain
- Vocational (AVIs) : 1379
- Open Basic Education (OBE) (AAs) : 1313
The Study Centres are known as Accredited Institutions (AIs) for
Academic Courses, Accredited Vocational Institutions (AVIs) for
Vocational Education Courses and Accredited Agencies (AAs) for Open
Basic Education (OBE) courses.
Cumulative Enrolment :
- Secondary - 46%
Senior Seconadry - 49%
Vocational - 5%
- NIOS is the largest Open Schooling System in the world.
- Admission in NIOS is 100% Online for Sec. (10th), Sr.Sec.
(12th), Round the year with cut off Dates
- Open Basic Education (OBE) (A level, B level, C level
equivalent to Class III, V, VIII respectively of formal Education)
courses are offered through Accredited Agencies (AAs).
- Secondary - leading to Secondary School Certificate.
- Sr. Secondary - leading to Senior Secondary School
- Open Vocational Education.
- Life Enrichment Programmes.
Highlights and flexibilities
- Freedom to choose subjects; continuous assessment through Tutor
Marked Assignments (TMA).
- Facility of On Line Registration for Admission and Examination
Credit accumulation facility;
- 9 chances in 5 Years to complete a course;
- Provision of Re-admission after 5 years.
- Learning support through Personal Contact Programme (PCP);
- Transfer of credits (up to 2 subject) from some other
- Media Programmes are telecast and broadcast.
- Printed Self Instructional study materials supported by Audio-
Video programmes. A half yearly Magazine "Open Learning" is also
provided to the learners.
Mediums of Instruction
- Hindi, English, Urdu, Marathi, Telugu, Gujarati and Malayalam
mediums at Secondary stage.
- Hindi, English, Urdu mediums at Sr. Secondary stage.
- Freedom to write reply in any schedule language.
Sanctioned Staff strength: 394
- Plan NIL
- Non-Plan Rs. 135.14 Crore
||Secondary (Class X)
||Sr. Secondary (Class XII)
Total No. of learners certified since 1991(Sec.+ Sr.Sec. +Voc)=
Total No. of learners certified under OBE = 487717
- Conducts examination twice a year in Apr-May and Oct-Nov.
- On-Demand Examination at Secondary & Sr. Secondary level at
the NIOS, Headquarter and its Regional Centre
National Consortium for Open Schooling
- NIOS provides Professional support to States to set up and
develop State Open Schools particularly with Regional Mediums. The
secretariat of NCOS in located in NIOS.
- State Open Schools (SOSs) have been set up in 17 states viz.,
Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, West
Bengal, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala,Jammu &Kashmir, Uttar
Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat and
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